How to Fix “Could not reliably determine the server’s fully qualified domain name”

apache-http-serverQuestion :
How to fix “Could not reliably determine the server’s fully qualified domain name” when starting apache httpd service ?

[root@centos64 ~]# service httpd start
Starting httpd: httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for centos64.ehowstuff.local
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
                                                           [  OK  ]

Answer :

Step 1:

Update /etc/hosts and do server’s ip address resolvable to the fully qualified domain name(fqdn) or hostname.

[root@centos64 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.2.62 centos64.ehowstuff.local

Step 2:

Restart apache httpd service :

[root@centos64 ~]# service httpd restart
Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

7 Useful Linux Utilities

Linux UtilitiesThere are 7 useful linux utilities that you must install on new linux server. Most Linux distributions are equipped with tons of linux command utility, but if you have installed minimal operating system, all these software will not exist. These tools will very useful in your troubleshooting and will help to find possible causes of a problem. Most of the utilities have the same function in CentOS or Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

You can easily identify whether the utility installed on your linux operating system or not. You will see one or more below warning :

[root@rhel62 ~]# wget
-bash: wget: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# telnet
-bash: telnet: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# scp
-bash: scp: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# man scp
-bash: man: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# nslookup
-bash: nslookup: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# dig
-bash: dig: command not found
[root@rhel62 ~]# host
-bash: host: command not found

7 Useful Linux Utilities

1. What is wget ?
Wget is a network utility to retrieve files from the Web using http and ftp, the two most widely used Internet protocols.

Example :

[root@rhel62 ~]# wget http://files2.zimbra.com/downloads/8.0.2_GA/zcs-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64.20121210115059.tgz

2. What is telnet ?
Telnet is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks. Telnet is a user command and an underlying TCP/IP protocol for accessing remote computers and very useful for troubleshooting and verify the opened ports.

Example :

[root@rhel62 ~]# telnet localhost 25
Trying ::1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 rhel62.ehowstuff.local ESMTP Postfix

3. What is scp ?
scp also call secure copy, is remote file copy utility between hosts on a network. It uses ssh for data transfer and provides the same authentication and same level of security as ssh.

Example :

[root@rhel62 ~]# scp root@192.168.2.60:/tmp/VMwareTools-9.2.2-893683.tar.gz .
The authenticity of host '192.168.2.60 (192.168.2.60)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 76:78:87:36:44:c1:46:fa:c4:b4:61:4a:e5:b3:be:e3.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.2.60' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@192.168.2.60's password:
VMwareTools-9.2.2-893683.tar.gz                                                       100%   63MB  63.3MB/s   00:01

4. What is man ?
man is used to display the manual page for other commands It’s help to explain the functions for the commands that commonly used. The term “man” is short for manual.

Example :

[root@rhel62 ~]# man wget
WGET(1)                            GNU Wget                            WGET(1)

NAME
       Wget - The non-interactive network downloader.

SYNOPSIS
       wget [option]... [URL]...

DESCRIPTION
       GNU Wget is a free utility for non-interactive download of files from the Web.  It supports HTTP,
       HTTPS, and FTP protocols, as well as retrieval through HTTP proxies.

       Wget is non-interactive, meaning that it can work in the background, while the user is not logged on.
       This allows you to start a retrieval and disconnect from the system, letting Wget finish the work.
       By contrast, most of the Web browsers require constant userĂ¢s presence, which can be a great
       hindrance when transferring a lot of data.

       Wget can follow links in HTML, XHTML, and CSS pages, to create local versions of remote web sites,
       fully recreating the directory structure of the original site.  This is sometimes referred to as
       "recursive downloading."  While doing that, Wget respects the Robot Exclusion Standard (/robots.txt).
       Wget can be instructed to convert the links in downloaded files to point at the local files, for
       offline viewing.

5. What is nslookup, dig, host ?
nslookup, dig and host are part of the bind utilities.These utilities are the basic tools for DNS client and DNS server troubleshooting.

Examples :

[root@rhel62 ~]# nslookup
> set type=mx
> ehowstuff.com
Server:         8.8.8.8
Address:        8.8.8.8#53

Non-authoritative answer:
ehowstuff.com   mail exchanger = 0 ehowstuff.com.

Authoritative answers can be found from:
>
[root@rhel62 ~]# dig ehowstuff.com

; < <>> DiG 9.7.3-P3-RedHat-9.7.3-8.P3.el6 < <>> ehowstuff.com
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<
[root@rhel62 ~]# host -t mx ehowstuff.com
ehowstuff.com mail is handled by 0 ehowstuff.com.

How to install wget, scpt, telnet, man, nslookup, dig and host utilities ?

Simply run the following commands :

[root@rhel62 ~]# yum install wget telnet openssh-clients bind-utils man -y

How to Change Web Server Mode using zmtlsctl on Zimbra

This article shows the steps to change web server mode using zmtlsctl command line interface (CLI). It was tested using Zimbra 8.0.2 on CentOS 6.3 64 bit. zmtlsctl is a command that used to set the Web server zimbraMailMode to the different communication protocol options. It use to redirect and deny any web server mode based on what we have configured. All modes use SSL encryption for back-end administrative traffic and the admin console. In order to take an effect, the webserver has to be stopped and restarted. There are several choices of Mode.

http – http only, the user would browse to http://zimbra.domain.com
https – https only, the user would browse to https://zimbra.domain.com http:// is denied.
both – A user can go to http:// or https:// and will keep that mode for their entire session.
mixed – If the user goes to http:// it will switch to https:// for the login only, then will revert to http:// for normal session traffic. If they browse to https:// then they will stay https://
redirect – Like mixed if the user goes to http:// it will switch to https:// but they will stay https:// for their entire session.

How to use this command :

Syntax :
1. Type zmtlsctl [mode] and press Enter. http only, the user would browse to http://centos63.ehowstuff.local :

[zimbra@CentOS63 ~]$ zmtlsctl http
Setting ldap config zimbraMailMode http for centos63.ehowstuff.local...done.
Rewriting config files for cyrus-sasl, webxml and mailboxd...done.

2. Type zmcontrol stop and press Enter :

[zimbra@CentOS63 ~]$ zmcontrol stop

3. When everything is stopped, type zmcontrol start and press Enter :

[zimbra@CentOS63 ~]$ zmcontrol start

How to Setup Bind Chroot DNS Server on CentOS 6.3 x86_64

bindBIND (the Berkeley Internet Name Domain) also known as NAMED is the most widely used DNS server in the internet. Bind DNS helps to resolve domain name to ip address and ip address to domain name. There are essentially a few reasons to running your own internet DNS Server. First, of course we need to have full control of our registered domain name and second is to improve the speed of domain lookups. This post covers the steps on how to install Bind Chroot DNS Server on CentOS 6.3 64 Bit. It will describes some extra security precautions that you can take when you install BIND. The idea of chroot is fairly simple. When you run BIND in a chroot jail, the process is simply unable to see any part of the filesystem outside the jail. For example, in this post, i will setting up BIND to run chrooted to the directory /var/named/chroot/. Well, to BIND, the contents of this directory will appear to be /, the root directory. A “jail” is a software mechanism for limiting the ability of a process to access resources outside a very limited area, and it’s purposely to enhance the security.

Where is Bind chrooted directory set ?

[root@CentOS63 ~]# more /etc/sysconfig/named

It was by default configured to /var/named/chroot as below :

..
..
ROOTDIR=/var/named/chroot

It is assumed that you already know how to install, configure and use BIND. If not, I would recommend that you read the Bind DNS HOWTO first.

1. Install Bind-Chroot :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# yum install bind-chroot bind -y

2. Copy all bind related files to prepare bind chrooted environments :

 
[root@CentOS63 ~]# cp -R /usr/share/doc/bind-*/sample/var/named/* /var/named/chroot/var/named/

3. Create bind related files into chrooted directory :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/cache_dump.db
[root@CentOS63 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named_stats.txt
[root@CentOS63 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt
[root@CentOS63 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named.run
[root@CentOS63 ~]# mkdir /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic
[root@CentOS63 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic/managed-keys.bind

4. Bind lock file should be writeable, therefore set the permission to make it writable as below :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# chmod -R 777 /var/named/chroot/var/named/data
[root@CentOS63 ~]# chmod -R 777 /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic

5. Set if you do not use IPv6 :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# echo 'OPTIONS="-4"' >> /etc/sysconfig/named

6. Configure main bind configuration in /etc/named.conf. Append the ehowstuff.local information to the file :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf
//
// named.conf
//
// Provided by Red Hat bind package to configure the ISC BIND named(8) DNS
// server as a caching only nameserver (as a localhost DNS resolver only).
//
// See /usr/share/doc/bind*/sample/ for example named configuration files.
//

options {
        listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1;192.168.2.58; };
        listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
        directory       "/var/named";
        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
        allow-query     { localhost; };
        recursion yes;

        dnssec-enable yes;
        dnssec-validation yes;
        dnssec-lookaside auto;

        /* Path to ISC DLV key */
        bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";

        managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
};

logging {
        channel default_debug {
                file "data/named.run";
                severity dynamic;
        };
};

zone "." IN {
        type hint;
        file "named.ca";
};

zone "ehowstuff.local" {
    type master;
    file "ehowstuff.local.zone";
};

zone "2.168.192.in-addr.arpa" IN {
        type master;
        file "192.168.2.zone";
};

include "/etc/rndc.key";
include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones";
include "/etc/named.root.key";

7. Create Forward and Reverse zone files for domain ehowstuff.local.

a) Create Forward Zone :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/ehowstuff.local.zone
;
;       Addresses and other host information.
;
$TTL 86400
@       IN      SOA     ehowstuff.local. hostmaster.ehowstuff.local. (
                               2013022401      ; Serial
                               43200      ; Refresh
                               3600       ; Retry
                               3600000    ; Expire
                               2592000 )  ; Minimum

;       Define the nameservers and the mail servers

               IN      NS      ns.ehowstuff.local.
               IN      A       192.168.2.58
               IN      MX      10 mail.ehowstuff.local.

mail            IN      A       192.168.2.58
ns              IN      A       192.168.2.58

b) Create Reverse Zone :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/192.168.2.zone
;
;       Addresses and other host information.
;
$TTL 86400
@       IN      SOA     ehowstuff.local. hostmaster.ehowstuff.local. (
                               2013022402      ; Serial
                               43200      ; Refresh
                               3600       ; Retry
                               3600000    ; Expire
                               2592000 )  ; Minimum

2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN      NS      centos63.ehowstuff.local.

58.2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR mail.ehowstuff.local.
58.2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR ns.ehowstuff.local.

8. RHEL 6 and CentOS 6 apparently no longer generates the rndc.key during installation. Instead, the key is automatically generated on the first start of named service.

Start Bind service :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# service named start
Generating /etc/rndc.key:                                  [  OK  ]
Starting named:                                            [  OK  ]

9. Configure Bind auto start at boot :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 named on

10. Verifying permissions and ownership. Created the files required inside the jail, but the matter of setting the permissions and ownership should remains.

Go to chroot/var/named/ directory :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# cd /var/named/chroot/var/named/

Change owner as below :

[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named ehowstuff.local.zone
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named 192.168.2.zone
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named my.external.zone.db
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named my.internal.zone.db
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named named.ca
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named named.localhost
[root@CentOS63 named]# chown root:named named.loopback

Verify permissions and ownership rest of the chrooted directories :

[root@CentOS63 ~]# ll /var/named/
total 32
drwxr-x--- 6 root  named 4096 Feb 24 13:51 chroot
drwxrwx--- 2 named named 4096 Dec  7 04:49 data
drwxrwx--- 2 named named 4096 Dec  7 04:49 dynamic
-rw-r----- 1 root  named 1892 Feb 18  2008 named.ca
-rw-r----- 1 root  named  152 Dec 15  2009 named.empty
-rw-r----- 1 root  named  152 Jun 21  2007 named.localhost
-rw-r----- 1 root  named  168 Dec 15  2009 named.loopback
drwxrwx--- 2 named named 4096 Dec  7 04:49 slaves
[root@CentOS63 ~]# ll /var/named/chroot/
total 16
drwxr-x--- 2 root named 4096 Feb 24 13:51 dev
drwxr-x--- 4 root named 4096 Feb 24 14:40 etc
drwxr-x--- 3 root named 4096 Feb 24 13:51 usr
drwxr-x--- 6 root named 4096 Feb 24 13:51 var
[root@CentOS63 ~]# ll /var/named/chroot/etc
total 32
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   372 Feb 20 06:51 localtime
drwxr-x--- 2 root named 4096 Dec  7 04:49 named
-rw-r--r-- 1 root named 1201 Feb 24 14:16 named.conf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root named 2389 Dec  7 04:49 named.iscdlv.key
-rw-r----- 1 root named  931 Jun 21  2007 named.rfc1912.zones
-rw-r--r-- 1 root named  487 Jul 19  2010 named.root.key
drwxr-x--- 3 root named 4096 Feb 24 13:51 pki
-rw-r----- 1 root named   77 Feb 24 14:00 rndc.key
[root@CentOS63 ~]# ll /var/named/chroot/var/named/
total 44
-rw-r-xr-x 1 root  named  551 Feb 24 15:28 192.168.2.zone
drwxrwxrwx 2 named named 4096 Feb 24 14:04 data
drwxrwxrwx 2 named named 4096 Feb 24 15:30 dynamic
-rw-r-xr-x 1 root  named  681 Feb 24 15:28 ehowstuff.local.zone
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  named   56 Feb 24 13:54 my.external.zone.db
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  named   56 Feb 24 13:54 my.internal.zone.db
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  named 1892 Feb 24 13:54 named.ca
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  root   152 Feb 24 13:54 named.empty
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  named  152 Feb 24 13:54 named.localhost
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  named  168 Feb 24 13:54 named.loopback
drwxr-xr-x 2 named named 4096 Feb 24 13:54 slaves

11. Test and make sure it’s working.

[root@CentOS63 ~]# host -t mx ehowstuff.local
ehowstuff.local mail is handled by 10 mail.ehowstuff.local.
[root@CentOS63 ~]# nslookup
> set type=any
> ehowstuff.local
Server:         192.168.2.58
Address:        192.168.2.58#53

ehowstuff.local
        origin = ehowstuff.local
        mail addr = hostmaster.ehowstuff.local
        serial = 2013023401
        refresh = 43200
        retry = 3600
        expire = 3600000
        minimum = 2592000
ehowstuff.local nameserver = ns.ehowstuff.local.
Name:   ehowstuff.local
Address: 192.168.2.58
ehowstuff.local mail exchanger = 10 mail.ehowstuff.local.
>

12. If your server does not have nslookup, host or dig command, then you should install bind-utils. All this utilities are the friendly and useful utilities to test and diagnose the DNS issue.

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install bind-utils
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.biz.net.id
 * extras: centos.biz.net.id
 * updates: centos.biz.net.id
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package bind-utils.x86_64 32:9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================================================
 Package                   Arch                  Version                                   Repository              Size
========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 bind-utils                x86_64                32:9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6                 updates                182 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 182 k
Installed size: 438 k
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
bind-utils-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.x86_64.rpm                                                     | 182 kB     00:02
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : 32:bind-utils-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.x86_64                                                          1/1
  Verifying  : 32:bind-utils-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.x86_64                                                          1/1

Installed:
  bind-utils.x86_64 32:9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6

Complete!

How to list all Installed Packages on CentOS

In this post, i will share how to list the installed packages on CentOS using RPM command. RPM has a powerful query feature that allows you to find out what packages are installed on linux system. Use the -q flag to tell RPM to display the package name, version number, and release number of a package that’s already installed, as in this example: rpm -q httpd.

Type the following command to get list of all installed software :

[root@centos63 ~]# rpm -qa --last

Note :

-q flag to tell RPM to display the package name, version number, and release number of a package
-a Queries all currently installed packages

Example :

[root@centos63 ~]# rpm -qa --last
unixODBC-2.2.14-12.el6_3.i686                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:43 PM MYT
ORBit2-2.14.17-3.2.el6_3.i686                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:42 PM MYT
telnet-0.17-47.el6_3.1.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:41 PM MYT
pango-1.28.1-7.el6_3.i686                     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:40 PM MYT
ftp-0.17-51.1.el6_3.1.i686                    Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:39 PM MYT
libssh2-1.2.2-11.el6_3.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:38 PM MYT
bind-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.i686              Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:36 PM MYT
bind-utils-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.i686        Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:34 PM MYT
cups-libs-1.4.2-48.el6_3.3.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:33 PM MYT
mysql-server-5.1.66-2.el6_3.i686              Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:32 PM MYT
openssh-server-5.3p1-81.el6_3.i686            Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:26 PM MYT
openssh-clients-5.3p1-81.el6_3.i686           Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:25 PM MYT
lldpad-0.9.43-20.el6_3.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:24 PM MYT
lvm2-2.02.95-10.el6_3.3.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:23 PM MYT
device-mapper-multipath-0.4.9-56.el6_3.1.i686 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:21 PM MYT
clamd-0.97.6-1.el6.i686                       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:21 PM MYT
perl-Geo-IP-1.38-6.el6.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:20 PM MYT
libxml2-devel-2.7.6-8.el6_3.4.i686            Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:19 PM MYT
glibc-devel-2.12-1.80.el6_3.6.i686            Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:16 PM MYT
perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch           Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:14 PM MYT
dracut-network-004-284.el6_3.1.noarch         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:56:10 PM MYT
openldap-devel-2.4.23-26.el6_3.2.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:59 PM MYT
GeoIP-1.4.8-1.el6.i686                        Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:58 PM MYT
clamav-0.97.6-1.el6.i686                      Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:56 PM MYT
device-mapper-multipath-libs-0.4.9-56.el6_3.1.i686 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:52 PM MYT
cyrus-sasl-devel-2.1.23-13.el6_3.1.i686       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:50 PM MYT
cyrus-sasl-2.1.23-13.el6_3.1.i686             Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:49 PM MYT
kpartx-0.4.9-56.el6_3.1.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:48 PM MYT
dhclient-4.1.1-31.0.1.P1.el6.centos.1.i686    Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:48 PM MYT
lvm2-libs-2.02.95-10.el6_3.3.i686             Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:47 PM MYT
device-mapper-event-1.02.74-10.el6_3.3.i686   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:46 PM MYT
kernel-2.6.32-279.19.1.el6.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:42 PM MYT
dracut-kernel-004-284.el6_3.1.noarch          Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:34 PM MYT
openssh-5.3p1-81.el6_3.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:33 PM MYT
device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.74-10.el6_3.3.i686 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:32 PM MYT
dracut-004-284.el6_3.1.noarch                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:31 PM MYT
device-mapper-libs-1.02.74-10.el6_3.3.i686    Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:30 PM MYT
device-mapper-1.02.74-10.el6_3.3.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:30 PM MYT
udev-147-2.42.el6.i686                        Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:27 PM MYT
initscripts-9.03.31-2.el6.centos.1.i686       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:25 PM MYT
util-linux-ng-2.17.2-12.7.el6_3.i686          Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:20 PM MYT
upstart-0.6.5-12.el6.i686                     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:18 PM MYT
libtiff-3.9.4-9.el6_3.i686                    Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:16 PM MYT
openldap-2.4.23-26.el6_3.2.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:15 PM MYT
nss-tools-3.13.5-1.el6_3.i686                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:14 PM MYT
nss-sysinit-3.13.5-1.el6_3.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:13 PM MYT
nss-3.13.5-1.el6_3.i686                       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:13 PM MYT
mysql-5.1.66-2.el6_3.i686                     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:11 PM MYT
libblkid-2.17.2-12.7.el6_3.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:11 PM MYT
perl-IO-Compress-Zlib-2.020-127.el6.i686      Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:10 PM MYT
perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-127.el6.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:10 PM MYT
libuuid-2.17.2-12.7.el6_3.i686                Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:09 PM MYT
cpio-2.10-11.el6_3.i686                       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:07 PM MYT
perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.020-127.el6.i686     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:06 PM MYT
mysql-libs-5.1.66-2.el6_3.i686                Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:05 PM MYT
bind-libs-9.8.2-0.10.rc1.el6_3.6.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:04 PM MYT
perl-HTML-Parser-3.64-2.el6.i686              Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:55:01 PM MYT
glibc-headers-2.12-1.80.el6_3.6.i686          Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:59 PM MYT
libproxy-python-0.3.0-3.el6_3.i686            Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:57 PM MYT
libproxy-0.3.0-3.el6_3.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:57 PM MYT
libproxy-bin-0.3.0-3.el6_3.i686               Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:56 PM MYT
cyrus-sasl-lib-2.1.23-13.el6_3.1.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:55 PM MYT
python-2.6.6-29.el6_3.3.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:53 PM MYT
python-libs-2.6.6-29.el6_3.3.i686             Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:48 PM MYT
libxml2-2.7.6-8.el6_3.4.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:47 PM MYT
nss-util-3.13.5-1.el6_3.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:46 PM MYT
libudev-147-2.42.el6.i686                     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:46 PM MYT
nspr-4.9.1-2.el6_3.i686                       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:45 PM MYT
openssl-1.0.0-25.el6_3.1.i686                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:44 PM MYT
krb5-libs-1.9-33.el6_3.3.i686                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:43 PM MYT
glibc-common-2.12-1.80.el6_3.6.i686           Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:54:23 PM MYT
glibc-2.12-1.80.el6_3.6.i686                  Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:50 PM MYT
redhat-logos-60.0.14-12.el6.centos.noarch     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:45 PM MYT
epel-release-6-8.noarch                       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:40 PM MYT
kernel-devel-2.6.32-279.19.1.el6.i686         Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:39 PM MYT
phpMyAdmin-3.5.4-1.el6.noarch                 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:29 PM MYT
perl-Test-Mock-LWP-0.05-4.el6.noarch          Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:53:23 PM MYT
selinux-policy-targeted-3.7.19-155.el6_3.14.noarch Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:52:15 PM MYT
kernel-headers-2.6.32-279.19.1.el6.i686       Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:52:12 PM MYT
dhcp-common-4.1.1-31.0.1.P1.el6.centos.1.i686 Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:52:08 PM MYT
tzdata-2012i-2.el6.noarch                     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:52:04 PM MYT
kernel-firmware-2.6.32-279.19.1.el6.noarch    Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:51:53 PM MYT
selinux-policy-3.7.19-155.el6_3.14.noarch     Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:51:40 PM MYT
perl-HTML-Tagset-3.20-4.el6.noarch            Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:51:33 PM MYT
clamav-db-0.97.6-1.el6.i686                   Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:51:32 PM MYT
perl-IO-Compress-Base-2.020-127.el6.i686      Wed 09 Jan 2013 09:51:19 PM MYT
denyhosts-2.6-19.el6.noarch                   Tue 11 Dec 2012 06:29:44 PM MYT
libselinux-python-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686         Tue 11 Dec 2012 06:29:43 PM MYT
webmin-1.600-1.noarch                         Sat 03 Nov 2012 03:49:12 PM MYT
vsftpd-2.2.2-11.el6.i686                      Sat 03 Nov 2012 12:30:24 PM MYT
mod_perl-2.0.4-10.el6.i686                    Tue 30 Oct 2012 11:41:41 PM MYT
perl-BSD-Resource-1.29.03-3.el6.i686          Tue 30 Oct 2012 11:41:38 PM MYT
mod_dav_svn-1.6.11-7.el6.i686                 Fri 26 Oct 2012 02:32:44 AM MYT
subversion-1.6.11-7.el6.i686                  Fri 26 Oct 2012 02:32:43 AM MYT
neon-0.29.3-2.el6.i686                        Fri 26 Oct 2012 02:32:42 AM MYT
pakchois-0.4-3.2.el6.i686                     Fri 26 Oct 2012 02:32:41 AM MYT
perl-URI-1.40-2.el6.noarch                    Fri 26 Oct 2012 02:32:40 AM MYT
hdparm-9.16-3.4.el6.i686                      Tue 16 Oct 2012 08:53:02 PM MYT
spawn-fcgi-1.6.3-1.el6.i686                   Thu 11 Oct 2012 09:25:26 PM MYT
nginx-1.2.4-1.el6.ngx.i386                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 11:53:53 PM MYT
gcc-c++-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                      Wed 10 Oct 2012 11:53:52 PM MYT
libstdc++-devel-4.4.6-4.el6.i686              Wed 10 Oct 2012 11:53:50 PM MYT
php-xmlrpc-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:51 PM MYT
php-soap-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:51 PM MYT
php-eaccelerator-0.9.6.1-1.el6.i686           Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:51 PM MYT
php-xml-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:50 PM MYT
php-ldap-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:50 PM MYT
php-shout-0.9.2-6.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:49 PM MYT
php-odbc-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:49 PM MYT
php-tidy-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:48 PM MYT
php-snmp-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:48 PM MYT
php-mssql-5.3.3-1.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:48 PM MYT
php-magickwand-1.0.9-1.el6.i686               Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:48 PM MYT
php-imap-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:48 PM MYT
ImageMagick-6.5.4.7-6.el6_2.i686              Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:46 PM MYT
ghostscript-8.70-14.el6_3.1.i686              Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:42 PM MYT
librsvg2-2.26.0-5.el6_1.1.0.1.centos.i686     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:39 PM MYT
gtk2-2.18.9-10.el6.i686                       Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:37 PM MYT
cairo-1.8.8-3.1.el6.i686                      Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:34 PM MYT
php-pear-1.9.4-4.el6.noarch                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:32 PM MYT
pixman-0.18.4-1.el6_0.1.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:31 PM MYT
php-magpierss-0.72-6.el6.noarch               Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:31 PM MYT
lcms-libs-1.19-1.el6.i686                     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:31 PM MYT
libwmf-lite-0.2.8.4-22.el6.centos.i686        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:30 PM MYT
libcroco-0.6.2-5.el6.i686                     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:30 PM MYT
libtidy-0.99.0-19.20070615.1.el6.i686         Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:29 PM MYT
libc-client-2007e-11.el6.i686                 Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:29 PM MYT
libgsf-1.14.15-5.el6.i686                     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:28 PM MYT
GConf2-2.28.0-6.el6.i686                      Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:27 PM MYT
libthai-0.1.12-3.el6.i686                     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:25 PM MYT
libIDL-0.8.13-2.1.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:25 PM MYT
libXinerama-1.1-1.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:24 PM MYT
libXi-1.3-3.el6.i686                          Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:24 PM MYT
polkit-0.96-2.el6_0.1.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:23 PM MYT
eggdbus-0.6-3.el6.i686                        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:22 PM MYT
ConsoleKit-0.4.1-3.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:22 PM MYT
libXft-2.1.13-4.1.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:21 PM MYT
avahi-libs-0.6.25-11.el6.i686                 Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:21 PM MYT
libXrandr-1.3.0-4.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:20 PM MYT
libXcomposite-0.4.1-2.el6.i686                Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:20 PM MYT
ConsoleKit-libs-0.4.1-3.el6.i686              Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:20 PM MYT
libXdamage-1.1.2-1.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:19 PM MYT
libXcursor-1.1.10-2.el6.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:19 PM MYT
freetds-0.91-2.el6.i686                       Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:18 PM MYT
net-snmp-5.5-41.el6_3.1.i686                  Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:17 PM MYT
ghostscript-fonts-5.50-23.1.el6.noarch        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:14 PM MYT
xorg-x11-font-utils-7.2-11.el6.i686           Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:10 PM MYT
libXfont-1.4.1-2.el6_1.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:09 PM MYT
libshout-2.2.2-5.1.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:09 PM MYT
sgml-common-0.6.3-32.el6.noarch               Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:08 PM MYT
hicolor-icon-theme-0.11-1.1.el6.noarch        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:08 PM MYT
urw-fonts-2.4-10.el6.noarch                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:05 PM MYT
atk-1.28.0-2.el6.i686                         Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:03 PM MYT
speex-1.2-0.12.rc1.1.el6.i686                 Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:02 PM MYT
libfontenc-1.0.5-2.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:02 PM MYT
net-snmp-libs-5.5-41.el6_3.1.i686             Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:01 PM MYT
lm_sensors-libs-3.1.1-10.el6.i686             Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:44:00 PM MYT
libvorbis-1.2.3-4.el6_2.1.i686                Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:58 PM MYT
libtheora-1.1.0-2.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:57 PM MYT
libXt-1.0.7-1.el6.i686                        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:56 PM MYT
jasper-libs-1.900.1-15.el6_1.1.i686           Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:54 PM MYT
libSM-1.1.0-7.1.el6.i686                      Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:53 PM MYT
libICE-1.0.6-1.el6.i686                       Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:53 PM MYT
libXfixes-4.0.4-1.el6.i686                    Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:52 PM MYT
libogg-1.1.4-2.1.el6.i686                     Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:52 PM MYT
dbus-1.2.24-7.el6_3.i686                      Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:51 PM MYT
libXrender-0.9.5-1.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:50 PM MYT
libXext-1.1-3.el6.i686                        Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:49 PM MYT
dbus-libs-1.2.24-7.el6_3.i686                 Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:49 PM MYT
fontconfig-2.8.0-3.el6.i686                   Wed 10 Oct 2012 10:43:45 PM MYT
postgresql92-server-9.2.1-1PGDG.rhel6.i686    Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:20 PM MYT
postgresql92-devel-9.2.1-1PGDG.rhel6.i686     Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:17 PM MYT
postgresql92-contrib-9.2.1-1PGDG.rhel6.i686   Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:14 PM MYT
libxslt-1.1.26-2.el6_3.1.i686                 Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:12 PM MYT
uuid-1.6.1-10.el6.i686                        Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:11 PM MYT
postgresql92-9.2.1-1PGDG.rhel6.i686           Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:08 PM MYT
postgresql92-libs-9.2.1-1PGDG.rhel6.i686      Tue 25 Sep 2012 11:40:06 PM MYT
pgdg-centos92-9.2-5.noarch                    Tue 25 Sep 2012 09:57:53 PM MYT
gpg-pubkey-442df0f8-4783f24a                  Tue 25 Sep 2012 09:51:03 PM MYT
xinetd-2.3.14-35.el6_3.i686                   Sun 23 Sep 2012 04:00:31 PM MYT
rsync-3.0.6-9.el6.i686                        Sun 23 Sep 2012 04:00:30 PM MYT
squid-3.1.10-9.el6_3.i686                     Sun 23 Sep 2012 03:55:03 PM MYT
pcre-devel-7.8-4.el6.i686                     Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:38 PM MYT
libcurl-devel-7.19.7-26.el6_2.4.i686          Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:37 PM MYT
zlib-devel-1.2.3-27.el6.i686                  Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:35 PM MYT
libidn-devel-1.18-2.el6.i686                  Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:34 PM MYT
automake-1.11.1-1.2.el6.noarch                Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:32 PM MYT
autoconf-2.63-5.1.el6.noarch                  Mon 17 Sep 2012 06:34:30 PM MYT
gpg-pubkey-0d4306ef-45f6bc30                  Mon 17 Sep 2012 04:00:01 PM MYT
xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.i686 Sun 16 Sep 2012 08:06:59 PM MYT
man-1.6f-30.el6.i686                          Sun 16 Sep 2012 08:06:59 PM MYT
xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.i686      Sun 16 Sep 2012 08:06:57 PM MYT
yum-plugin-priorities-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch    Mon 10 Sep 2012 10:04:25 PM MYT
lighttpd-1.4.31-1.el6.i686                    Fri 31 Aug 2012 12:36:25 PM MYT
php-mcrypt-5.3.3-1.el6.i686                   Fri 31 Aug 2012 10:40:11 AM MYT
webtatic-release-6-2.noarch                   Mon 13 Aug 2012 11:45:09 PM MYT
gpg-pubkey-cf4c4ff9-4d5efb53                  Mon 13 Aug 2012 11:42:16 PM MYT
remi-release-6-1.el6.remi.noarch              Fri 10 Aug 2012 12:04:56 AM MYT
gpg-pubkey-00f97f56-467e318a                  Fri 10 Aug 2012 12:03:53 AM MYT
portreserve-0.0.4-9.el6.i686                  Tue 07 Aug 2012 10:13:53 PM MYT
httpd-devel-2.2.15-15.el6.centos.1.i686       Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:19 PM MYT
apr-util-devel-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.i686           Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:19 PM MYT
db4-devel-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                  Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:13 PM MYT
db4-cxx-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                    Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:10 PM MYT
expat-devel-2.0.1-11.el6_2.i686               Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:09 PM MYT
apr-devel-1.3.9-5.el6_2.i686                  Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:08 PM MYT
pkgconfig-0.23-9.1.el6.i686                   Sat 04 Aug 2012 12:21:07 PM MYT
mod_evasive-1.10.1-10.el6.i686                Sat 04 Aug 2012 10:44:14 AM MYT
gpg-pubkey-11f63c51-3c7dc11d                  Thu 02 Aug 2012 11:14:48 PM MYT
lsof-4.82-4.el6.i686                          Wed 01 Aug 2012 09:33:13 PM MYT
cronie-anacron-1.4.4-7.el6.i686               Wed 01 Aug 2012 04:53:32 AM MYT
cronie-1.4.4-7.el6.i686                       Wed 01 Aug 2012 04:53:32 AM MYT
crontabs-1.10-33.el6.noarch                   Wed 01 Aug 2012 04:53:31 AM MYT
postfix-2.6.6-2.2.el6_1.i686                  Wed 01 Aug 2012 04:53:29 AM MYT
awstats-7.0-2.el6.rf.noarch                   Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:13 PM MYT
perl-UNIVERSAL-isa-1.03-1.el6.noarch          Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:10 PM MYT
perl-UNIVERSAL-can-1.15-1.el6.noarch          Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:10 PM MYT
perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch      Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:10 PM MYT
perl-Test-Simple-0.92-127.el6.i686            Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:09 PM MYT
perl-devel-5.10.1-127.el6.i686                Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:09 PM MYT
perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-127.el6.i686   Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:08 PM MYT
perl-Test-Harness-3.17-127.el6.i686           Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:07 PM MYT
perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-127.el6.i686     Tue 31 Jul 2012 11:04:06 PM MYT
ntpdate-4.2.4p8-2.el6.centos.i686             Sat 28 Jul 2012 09:47:30 PM MYT
ntp-4.2.4p8-2.el6.centos.i686                 Sat 28 Jul 2012 09:47:30 PM MYT
php-gd-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                    Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:31 AM MYT
freetype-2.3.11-6.el6_2.9.i686                Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:30 AM MYT
libXpm-3.5.8-2.el6.i686                       Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:29 AM MYT
libX11-1.3-2.el6.i686                         Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:29 AM MYT
libxcb-1.5-1.el6.i686                         Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:28 AM MYT
libXau-1.0.5-1.el6.i686                       Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:27 AM MYT
libpng-1.2.49-1.el6_2.i686                    Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:27 AM MYT
libjpeg-6b-46.el6.i686                        Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:27 AM MYT
php-pdo-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                   Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:25 AM MYT
php-mysql-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                 Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:25 AM MYT
libmcrypt-2.5.8-9.el6.i686                    Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:25 AM MYT
php-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                       Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:24 AM MYT
php-cli-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                   Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:23 AM MYT
php-php-gettext-1.0.11-3.el6.noarch           Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:21 AM MYT
php-mbstring-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686              Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:21 AM MYT
php-common-5.3.3-14.el6_3.i686                Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:20 AM MYT
libX11-common-1.3-2.el6.noarch                Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:55:20 AM MYT
gpg-pubkey-0608b895-4bd22942                  Sat 28 Jul 2012 12:34:08 AM MYT
libtool-ltdl-2.2.6-15.5.el6.i686              Thu 26 Jul 2012 10:00:01 PM MYT
rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.i686          Thu 26 Jul 2012 09:38:04 PM MYT
gpg-pubkey-6b8d79e6-3f49313d                  Thu 26 Jul 2012 09:37:19 PM MYT
vim-enhanced-7.2.411-1.8.el6.i686             Tue 24 Jul 2012 11:32:15 PM MYT
vim-common-7.2.411-1.8.el6.i686               Tue 24 Jul 2012 11:32:13 PM MYT
gpm-libs-1.20.6-12.el6.i686                   Tue 24 Jul 2012 11:32:10 PM MYT
wireshark-1.2.15-2.el6_2.1.i686               Tue 24 Jul 2012 10:01:40 PM MYT
libpcap-1.0.0-6.20091201git117cb5.el6.i686    Tue 24 Jul 2012 10:01:36 PM MYT
libsmi-0.4.8-4.el6.i686                       Tue 24 Jul 2012 10:01:33 PM MYT
gnutls-2.8.5-4.el6_2.2.i686                   Tue 24 Jul 2012 10:01:31 PM MYT
libtasn1-2.3-3.el6_2.1.i686                   Tue 24 Jul 2012 10:01:29 PM MYT
wget-1.12-1.4.el6.i686                        Sun 22 Jul 2012 03:07:45 PM MYT
httpd-2.2.15-15.el6.centos.1.i686             Sun 22 Jul 2012 03:07:28 PM MYT
kernel-2.6.32-279.1.1.el6.i686                Fri 20 Jul 2012 07:18:04 AM MYT
perl-DBD-MySQL-4.013-3.el6.i686               Fri 20 Jul 2012 12:23:11 AM MYT
perl-DBI-1.609-4.el6.i686                     Fri 20 Jul 2012 12:23:10 AM MYT
make-3.81-20.el6.i686                         Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:59 AM MYT
gcc-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                          Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:58 AM MYT
libgomp-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                      Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:56 AM MYT
cpp-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                          Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:55 AM MYT
mpfr-2.4.1-6.el6.i686                         Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:53 AM MYT
ppl-0.10.2-11.el6.i686                        Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:51 AM MYT
cloog-ppl-0.15.7-1.2.el6.i686                 Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:51 AM MYT
kernel-devel-2.6.32-279.1.1.el6.i686          Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:03:49 AM MYT
perl-5.10.1-127.el6.i686                      Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:57 AM MYT
perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-127.el6.i686             Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:51 AM MYT
perl-version-0.77-127.el6.i686                Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:50 AM MYT
perl-libs-5.10.1-127.el6.i686                 Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:50 AM MYT
perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-127.el6.i686       Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:49 AM MYT
perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-127.el6.i686            Wed 18 Jul 2012 07:02:48 AM MYT
httpd-tools-2.2.15-15.el6.centos.1.i686       Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:35 AM MYT
apr-util-ldap-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.i686            Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:35 AM MYT
apr-util-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.i686                 Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:35 AM MYT
mailcap-2.1.31-2.el6.noarch                   Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:34 AM MYT
apr-1.3.9-5.el6_2.i686                        Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:33 AM MYT
gpg-pubkey-c105b9de-4e0fd3a3                  Tue 17 Jul 2012 06:50:21 AM MYT
xfsprogs-3.1.1-7.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:34 PM MYT
vim-minimal-7.2.411-1.8.el6.i686              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:34 PM MYT
attr-2.4.44-7.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:34 PM MYT
acl-2.2.49-6.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:34 PM MYT
passwd-0.77-4.el6_2.2.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:33 PM MYT
libcgroup-0.37-4.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:33 PM MYT
efibootmgr-0.5.4-10.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:33 PM MYT
e2fsprogs-1.41.12-12.el6.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:33 PM MYT
audit-2.2-2.el6.i686                          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:33 PM MYT
rsyslog-5.8.10-2.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:32 PM MYT
cryptsetup-luks-1.2.0-7.el6.i686              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:31 PM MYT
authconfig-6.1.12-10.el6.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:31 PM MYT
fcoe-utils-1.0.22-3.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:30 PM MYT
bfa-firmware-3.0.0.0-1.el6.noarch             Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:30 PM MYT
yum-presto-0.6.2-1.el6.noarch                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:29 PM MYT
system-config-firewall-base-1.2.27-5.el6.noarch Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:29 PM MYT
grub-0.97-77.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:29 PM MYT
aic94xx-firmware-30-2.el6.noarch              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:20:29 PM MYT
nfs-utils-1.2.3-26.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:35 PM MYT
libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:35 PM MYT
nfs-utils-lib-1.1.5-4.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:34 PM MYT
libnl-1.1-14.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:34 PM MYT
libevent-1.4.13-4.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:34 PM MYT
bridge-utils-1.2-9.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:34 PM MYT
ustr-1.0.4-9.1.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:31 PM MYT
policycoreutils-2.0.83-19.24.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:31 PM MYT
newt-python-0.52.11-3.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:31 PM MYT
libsemanage-2.0.43-4.1.el6.i686               Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:31 PM MYT
yum-3.2.29-30.el6.centos.noarch               Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:30 PM MYT
slang-2.2.1-1.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:30 PM MYT
newt-0.52.11-3.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:30 PM MYT
yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
rpm-python-4.8.0-27.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
python-urlgrabber-3.9.1-8.el6.noarch          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
python-pycurl-7.19.0-8.el6.i686               Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
pygpgme-0.1-18.20090824bzr68.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
iscsi-initiator-utils-6.2.0.872-41.el6.i686   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:29 PM MYT
python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:28 PM MYT
libffi-3.0.5-3.2.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:17 PM MYT
libcap-ng-0.6.4-3.el6_0.1.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:17 PM MYT
kernel-2.6.32-279.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:16 PM MYT
plymouth-0.8.3-24.el6.centos.i686             Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:08 PM MYT
libdrm-2.4.25-2.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:08 PM MYT
kbd-1.15-11.el6.i686                          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:08 PM MYT
dash-0.5.5.1-3.1.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:08 PM MYT
cryptsetup-luks-libs-1.2.0-7.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:19:07 PM MYT
plymouth-core-libs-0.8.3-24.el6.centos.i686   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
pciutils-libs-3.1.4-11.el6.i686               Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
mingetty-1.08-5.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
logrotate-3.7.8-15.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
libuser-0.56.13-5.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
iputils-20071127-16.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
gdbm-1.8.0-36.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
ethtool-2.6.33-0.3.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:58 PM MYT
rpm-libs-4.8.0-27.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:57 PM MYT
rpm-4.8.0-27.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:57 PM MYT
deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:57 PM MYT
curl-7.19.7-26.el6_2.4.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:57 PM MYT
libcurl-7.19.7-26.el6_2.4.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:56 PM MYT
gpgme-1.1.8-3.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:56 PM MYT
gnupg2-2.0.14-4.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:56 PM MYT
libpciaccess-0.12.1-1.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:55 PM MYT
libhbalinux-1.0.13-1.el6.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:55 PM MYT
fipscheck-lib-1.2.0-7.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:55 PM MYT
fipscheck-1.2.0-7.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:55 PM MYT
rpcbind-0.2.0-9.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:54 PM MYT
plymouth-scripts-0.8.3-24.el6.centos.i686     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:54 PM MYT
hwdata-0.233-7.8.el6.noarch                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:53 PM MYT
module-init-tools-3.9-20.el6.i686             Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:52 PM MYT
pam-1.1.1-10.el6_2.1.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:51 PM MYT
coreutils-8.4-19.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:50 PM MYT
cracklib-dicts-2.8.16-4.el6.i686              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:49 PM MYT
less-436-10.el6.i686                          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:48 PM MYT
gzip-1.3.12-18.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:48 PM MYT
groff-1.18.1.4-21.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:48 PM MYT
cracklib-2.8.16-4.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:48 PM MYT
coreutils-libs-8.4-19.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:48 PM MYT
ncurses-5.7-3.20090208.el6.i686               Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:46 PM MYT
libedit-2.11-4.20080712cvs.1.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:46 PM MYT
diffutils-2.8.1-28.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:46 PM MYT
which-2.19-6.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:42 PM MYT
m4-1.4.13-5.el6.i686                          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:40 PM MYT
binutils-2.20.51.0.2-5.34.el6.i686            Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:39 PM MYT
procps-3.2.8-23.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:37 PM MYT
pinentry-0.7.6-6.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:37 PM MYT
libss-1.41.12-12.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:37 PM MYT
e2fsprogs-libs-1.41.12-12.el6.i686            Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:37 PM MYT
db4-utils-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:37 PM MYT
tar-1.23-7.el6.i686                           Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:36 PM MYT
psmisc-22.6-15.el6_0.1.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:36 PM MYT
libutempter-1.1.5-4.1.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:36 PM MYT
nss-softokn-3.12.9-11.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
MAKEDEV-3.24-6.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
libusb-0.1.12-23.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
libconfig-1.3.2-1.1.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
grubby-7.0.15-3.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
gmp-4.3.1-7.el6_2.2.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
file-5.04-13.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:35 PM MYT
sysvinit-tools-2.87-4.dsf.el6.i686            Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
pth-2.0.7-9.3.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
libnih-1.0.1-7.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
libhbaapi-2.2-14.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
keyutils-1.4-4.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
iptables-ipv6-1.4.7-5.1.el6_2.i686            Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
expat-2.0.1-11.el6_2.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
dbus-glib-0.86-5.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:34 PM MYT
net-tools-1.60-110.el6_2.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
libselinux-utils-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
grep-2.6.3-3.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
findutils-4.4.2-6.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
checkpolicy-2.0.22-1.el6.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
bzip2-1.0.5-7.el6_0.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:33 PM MYT
pcre-7.8-4.el6.i686                           Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
libtirpc-0.2.1-5.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
libgssglue-0.1-11.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
libgcrypt-1.4.5-9.el6_2.2.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
keyutils-libs-1.4-4.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
elfutils-libelf-0.152-1.el6.i686              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:32 PM MYT
xz-libs-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.i686 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:31 PM MYT
lua-5.1.4-4.1.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:31 PM MYT
libidn-1.18-2.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:31 PM MYT
iptables-1.4.7-5.1.el6_2.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:31 PM MYT
iproute-2.6.32-20.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:31 PM MYT
tcp_wrappers-libs-7.6-57.el6.i686             Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:30 PM MYT
sqlite-3.6.20-1.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:30 PM MYT
libstdc++-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:30 PM MYT
libgpg-error-1.7-4.el6.i686                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:30 PM MYT
file-libs-5.04-13.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:30 PM MYT
shadow-utils-4.1.4.2-13.el6.i686              Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:29 PM MYT
gawk-3.1.7-9.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:29 PM MYT
sed-4.2.1-10.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:28 PM MYT
glib2-2.22.5-7.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:28 PM MYT
gamin-0.1.10-9.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:28 PM MYT
readline-6.0-4.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
libsepol-2.0.41-4.el6.i686                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
libselinux-2.0.94-5.3.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
db4-4.7.25-17.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
bzip2-libs-1.0.5-7.el6_0.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
audit-libs-2.2-2.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:27 PM MYT
zlib-1.2.3-27.el6.i686                        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
popt-1.13-7.el6.i686                          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
libcom_err-1.41.12-12.el6.i686                Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
libcap-2.16-5.5.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
libacl-2.2.49-6.el6.i686                      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
info-4.13a-8.el6.i686                         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
chkconfig-1.3.49.3-2.el6.i686                 Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:26 PM MYT
ncurses-libs-5.7-3.20090208.el6.i686          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:25 PM MYT
libattr-2.4.44-7.el6.i686                     Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:25 PM MYT
bash-4.1.2-9.el6_2.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:18:25 PM MYT
rootfiles-8.1-6.1.el6.noarch                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
ql2500-firmware-5.06.05-1.el6.noarch          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
ql2400-firmware-5.06.05-1.el6.noarch          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
ql23xx-firmware-3.03.27-3.1.el6.noarch        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
ql2200-firmware-2.02.08-3.1.el6.noarch        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
ql2100-firmware-1.19.38-3.1.el6.noarch        Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
nss-softokn-freebl-3.12.9-11.el6.i686         Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
libgcc-4.4.6-4.el6.i686                       Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
kbd-misc-1.15-11.el6.noarch                   Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:55 PM MYT
centos-release-6-3.el6.centos.9.i686          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:54 PM MYT
ncurses-base-5.7-3.20090208.el6.i686          Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:49 PM MYT
ca-certificates-2010.63-3.el6_1.5.noarch      Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:49 PM MYT
filesystem-2.4.30-3.el6.i686                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:48 PM MYT
basesystem-10.0-4.el6.noarch                  Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:48 PM MYT
setup-2.8.14-16.el6.noarch                    Sun 15 Jul 2012 08:17:47 PM MYT

How to Setup VNC Server on CentOS 6.3

VNC-logoVNC is a protocol that is used to display an X windows session running on another computer over the network. VNC server must be install at the target(destination) workstation and source or client will access the target workstatio using VNC client. In this post, it was assumed that the VNC server will be install on CentOS 6.3 and will be access by Win XP client using portable VNC client(VNC viewer). Meaning to say that the desktop on CentOS will be shared with others. If you are running CentOS 5 and below, yum command install will recognize vnc-server. But in CentOS 6, If you are running CentOS 6, the server is: tigervnc-server not: vnc-server will be replace with tigervnc-server not.

1. Install VNC server on CentOS 6.3 using yum command :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install tigervnc-server -y

2. As a root, create the user that will use VNC user accounts :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# useradd ehowstuff
[root@CentOS6 ~]# useradd mhstar
[root@CentOS6 ~]# passwd ehowstuff
[root@CentOS6 ~]# passwd mhstar

3. Edit /etc/sysconfig/vncservers, and add the following :

VNCSERVERS="1:ehowstuff 2:mhstar"
VNCSERVERARGS[1]="-geometry 800x600"
VNCSERVERARGS[2]="-geometry 640x480"

ehowstuff will have an 800 by 600 screen and mhstar will have a 640×480 screen.

4. Set VNC passwords for each users :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# su - ehowstuff
[ehowstuff@CentOS6 ~]$ vncpasswd
Password:
Verify:
[ehowstuff@CentOS6 ~]$ cd .vnc
[ehowstuff@CentOS6 .vnc]$ ls
passwd
[ehowstuff@CentOS6 .vnc]$ exit
logout
[root@CentOS6 ~]# su - mhstar
[mhstar@CentOS6 ~]$ vncpasswd
Password:
Verify:
[mhstar@CentOS6 ~]$ cd .vnc
[mhstar@CentOS6 .vnc]$ ls
passwd
[mhstar@CentOS6 .vnc]$ exit
logout

Switch user into the account for each user. Run vncpasswd will create the ~/.vnc directory.

5. Start vncserver as a root :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# service vncserver start
Starting VNC server: 1:ehowstuff xauth:  creating new authority file /home/ehowstuff/.Xauthority
xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "CentOS6.3:1" in "add" command

New 'CentOS6.3:1 (ehowstuff)' desktop is CentOS6.3:1

Creating default startup script /home/ehowstuff/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /home/ehowstuff/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/ehowstuff/.vnc/CentOS6.3:1.log

2:mhstar xauth:  creating new authority file /home/mhstar/.Xauthority
xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "CentOS6.3:2" in "add" command

New 'CentOS6.3:2 (mhstar)' desktop is CentOS6.3:2

Creating default startup script /home/mhstar/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /home/mhstar/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/mhstar/.vnc/CentOS6.3:2.log

                                                           [  OK  ]

6. Stopping the vncserver as root :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# service vncserver stop
Shutting down VNC server: 1:ehowstuff 2:mhstar             [  OK  ]

7. Set the VNC service to be automatically start at boot :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# chkconfig vncserver on

8. Use VNC viewer to connect VNC server :


Example :

How to Install Google Chrome on CentOS 6.3

google chromeGoogle Chrome is a lightweight and fast browsing alternative browser that combines a minimal design with sophisticated technology to make the web faster, safer, and easier. It was designed to be simple and stylish not only on windows operating system, but in CentOS or other linux operating system as well. This post will show you the steps to install Google Chrome on CentOS 6.3.

1. Prepare repository :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/google-chrome.repo

Add the following into google-chrome.repo for CentOS 32 Bit:

[google-chrome]
name=google-chrome - 32-bit
baseurl=http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/rpm/stable/i386
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub

Add the following into google-chrome.repo for CentOS 64 Bit:

[google-chrome]
name=google-chrome - 64-bit
baseurl=http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/rpm/stable/x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub

2. Install the google chrome stable version :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install google-chrome-stable -y

How to Install Adobe Reader on CentOS 6.3

adobe readerAdobe Reader is the free program created and distributed by Adobe Systems and useful for viewing, reading and interacting with PDF files. It’s also known as Acrobat Reader. In this post, i will share with you on how to install Adobe Reader on CentOS 6.3 32 bit.

1. Download Adobe Repository 32-bit x86 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# wget http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm

2. Install the Adobe Repository 32-bit x86 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# rpm -ivh adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
warning: adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID f6777c67: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:adobe-release-i386     ########################################### [100%]
[root@CentOS6 ~]# rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux

3. Now you ready to install Adobe Reader on CentOS 6.3 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install AdobeReader_enu -y

How to Install Adobe Flash Player on CentOS 6.3

Adobe FlashAdobe Flash Player is an open source cross-platform application for web browsers that is used for streaming multimedia files like audio and video on a computer web browser like Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari etc. It will very useful when you want to browse the website such as You-tube. To install Adobe Flash Player you’ll need to change to root, install Adobe’s YUM repository, import the associated GPG key, update the repositories and install Adobe Flash Player. This post will show the simple steps to install Adobe Flash Player on CentOS 6.3. This post tested on 32 bit of CentOS 6.3.

1. Download Adobe Repository 32-bit x86 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# wget http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm

2. Install the Adobe Repository 32-bit x86 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# rpm -ivh adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
warning: adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID f6777c67: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:adobe-release-i386     ########################################### [100%]
[root@CentOS6 ~]# rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux

3. Now you ready to install Adobe Flash Player on CentOS 6.3 :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install flash-plugin -y

Example :

[root@CentOS6 ~]# yum install flash-plugin -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.nus.edu.sg
 * extras: mirror.nus.edu.sg
 * updates: centos.ipserverone.com
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package flash-plugin.i386 0:11.2.202.261-release will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

====================================================================================================
 Package               Arch          Version                        Repository                 Size
====================================================================================================
Installing:
 flash-plugin          i386          11.2.202.261-release           adobe-linux-i386          6.6 M

Transaction Summary
====================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 6.6 M
Installed size: 18 M
Downloading Packages:
flash-plugin-11.2.202.261-release.i386.rpm                                   | 6.6 MB     02:16
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : flash-plugin-11.2.202.261-release.i386                                           1/1
  Verifying  : flash-plugin-11.2.202.261-release.i386                                           1/1

Installed:
  flash-plugin.i386 0:11.2.202.261-release

Complete!

4. Verify Adobe Flash Player Installed or not :

Configure Network Time Protocol (NTP) on CentOS 6.3

Linux LogoAs opposed to the manual setup, it is possible to synchronize the system clock with a remote server over the Network Time Protocol (NTP). NTP is an Internet protocol used to synchronize the clocks of computers or servers to some NTP server on internet or intranet.

Steps A
1. To synchronization immediately or for the one-time synchronization only, use the ntpdate command as below :

[root@centos63 ~]# ntpdate -q time.internet.com

2. Enable running the ntpdate at boot time:

[root@centos63 ~]# chkconfig ntpdate on

Steps B
However, there are alternative way to set the ntpd daemon to synchronize the time at boot time automatically :

1. Install ntpd service daemon :

[root@centos63 ~]# yum install ntp -y

2. Open the NTP configuration file /etc/ntp.conf :

[root@centos63 ~]# vi /etc/ntp.conf

3. Now add or edit the list of public NTP servers.

server 0.asia.pool.ntp.org
server 1.asia.pool.ntp.org
server 2.asia.pool.ntp.org
server 3.asia.pool.ntp.org

4. Set the proper permissions, giving the unrestricted access to localhost only:

restrict default kod nomodify notrap nopeer noquery
restrict -6 default kod nomodify notrap nopeer noquery
restrict 127.0.0.1
restrict -6 ::1

5. Restart the NTP daemon:

[root@centos63 ~]# service ntpd restart
Shutting down ntpd:                                        [  OK  ]
Starting ntpd:                                             [  OK  ]

6.Set ntpd daemon is started at boot time :

[root@centos63 ~]# chkconfig ntpd on

Prerequisites Checking Before Install Zimbra Collaboration Suite 8 on CentOS 6.3

zimbraBefore you start installing Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) 8.0.1 or 8.0.2, there are a few prerequisites checking have to be performed. This is to ensure that the installation running smoothly without any interruption while saving your time to troubleshoot. I have installed Zimbra Collaboration Suite 8.0.1 and 8.0.2 on many CentOS 6.3 and i would like to share my experiences.

1. Make sure your target mail domain (e.g ehowstuff.local) has mx record on your DNS server.

[root@mail ~]# host -t mx ehowstuff.local
ehowstuff.local mail is handled by 0 ehowstuff.local.

2. Stop and disabled the following services :

[root@mail ~]# service iptables stop
[root@mail ~]# service ip6tables stop
[root@mail ~]# service sendmail stop
[root@mail ~]# service postfix stop

3. Disabled auto start the following services :

[root@mail ~]# chkconfig ip6tables off
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig iptables off
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig sendmail off
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig postfix off

4. Disabled Selinux :

[root@mail ~]# setenforce 0
[root@mail ~]# vi /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
#     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
#     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

5. Make sure the following dependencies software has been installed :

[root@mail ~]# yum install perl nc sudo sysstat -y

How to Upgrade Zimbra Collaboration Suite 8.0.1 to 8.0.2 on CentOS 6.3 x86_64

zimbraIn previous post, i had shared the steps to setup Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) 8.0.1 Mail Server open source edition on CentOS 6.3 server. At the time this document was written, ZCS 8.0.2 is available. This document shows the upgrading of ZCS from version 8.0.1_GA_5438 to 8.0.2_GA_5569. Before perform the upgrading steps, it is recommended to backup the users mailbox and zimbra configurations.

Major Issues Fixed for 8.0.2

-Task list view fields now are updated after they are edited.
-Fixed issues that caused Contact lists to not sync correctly.
-ZCS cluster zimlet was trying to access httpOnly cookie which is no longer available after release 7.2.0. This resulted in a session expired on the admin console. The Cluster zimlet has been fixed to pass the correct parameters.
-Calendar. Issues in Calendar localized version around Reminder timer and saving appointments has been fixed.
-Install and Upgrade. The MTA restarts correctly after upgrade or install.
-PST migration. PST migration now only imports new and incremental data when Ignore previously imported items option is selected.
-When upgrading to ZCS 8.0, upgrade disables in all of the COSs Zimlets that are not in the certified core Zimlet list. If non-certified Zimlets are enabled at the account level they remain enabled after the upgrade. To disable these Zimlets, the administrator must manually disable these Zimlets on all affected accounts.
-Tags now are migrated when moving a mailbox from 7.x to 8.0.2 directly using zmmboxmove. For mailboxes that moved from 7.x to an earlier version of 8.0, the utility provided in bug 78487 can be used. But if users added new tags to messages or re-tagged messages after the mailbox was moved, when this utility is run these tags are removed.
-For new installs a, a settings was changed in the default mailboxd_java_options in localconfig key because the maximum PermGen size might be too low, leading to java.lang.OutOfMemoryError. This setting is specified in the mailboxd_java_options local config key. After upgrade, the value should be increased to 350m. See http://bugzilla.zimbra.com/show_bug.cgi?id=78661#c16 for a detailed example.
-Account migration undoes any benefit of message deduplication of data on a server. Once all migrations are complete a new tool zmdedup can be used to reduce disk usage caused by this.

Upgrading steps :

1. Show current zimbra version :

[zimbra@host1 ~]$ zmcontrol -v
Release 8.0.1_GA_5438.RHEL6_64_20121105164412 CentOS6_64 FOSS edition.

2. Stop Zimbra services :

[zimbra@host1 ~]$ zmcontrol stop
Host host1.zimbra.local
        Stopping vmware-ha...Done.
        Stopping zmconfigd...Done.
        Stopping stats...Done.
        Stopping mta...Done.
        Stopping spell...Done.
        Stopping snmp...Done.
        Stopping cbpolicyd...Done.
        Stopping archiving...Done.
        Stopping antivirus...Done.
        Stopping antispam...Done.
        Stopping proxy...Done.
        Stopping memcached...Done.
        Stopping mailbox...Done.
        Stopping logger...Done.
        Stopping ldap...Done.

3. Download ZCS 8.0.2 :

[root@host1 ~]# wget http://files2.zimbra.com/downloads/8.0.2_GA/zcs-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64.20121210115059.tgz

4. Untar the Downloaded package :

[root@host1 ~]# tar xzvf zcs-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64.20121210115059.tgz

5. The upgrading steps almost similar with installation steps. You can refer to this official released notes from zimbra. Run the following command to upgrade :

[root@host1 zcs-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64.20121210115059]# ./install.sh --platform-override

Operations logged to /tmp/install.log.28037
Checking for existing installation...
    zimbra-ldap...FOUND zimbra-ldap-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-logger...FOUND zimbra-logger-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-mta...FOUND zimbra-mta-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-snmp...FOUND zimbra-snmp-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-store...FOUND zimbra-store-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-apache...FOUND zimbra-apache-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-spell...FOUND zimbra-spell-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-convertd...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-memcached...FOUND zimbra-memcached-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-proxy...FOUND zimbra-proxy-8.0.1_GA_5438
    zimbra-archiving...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-cluster...NOT FOUND
    zimbra-core...FOUND zimbra-core-8.0.1_GA_5438
ZCS upgrade from 8.0.1 to 8.0.2 will be performed.

Saving existing configuration file to /opt/zimbra/.saveconfig


PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THE SOFTWARE.
ZIMBRA, INC. ("ZIMBRA") WILL ONLY LICENSE THIS SOFTWARE TO YOU IF YOU
FIRST ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. BY DOWNLOADING OR INSTALLING
THE SOFTWARE, OR USING THE PRODUCT, YOU ARE CONSENTING TO BE BOUND BY
THIS AGREEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS OF THIS
AGREEMENT, THEN DO NOT DOWNLOAD, INSTALL OR USE THE PRODUCT.

License Terms for the Zimbra Collaboration Suite:
  http://www.zimbra.com/license/zimbra_public_eula_2.1.html



Do you agree with the terms of the software license agreement? [N] y




Oracle Binary Code License Agreement for the Java SE Platform Products

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For inquiries please contact:  Oracle America, Inc., 500 Oracle Parkway,
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Last updated May 17, 2011




Do you agree with the terms of the software license agreement? [N] y

Checking for prerequisites...
     FOUND: NPTL
     FOUND: nc-1.84-22
     FOUND: sudo-1.7.4p5-13
     FOUND: libidn-1.18-2
     FOUND: gmp-4.3.1-7
     FOUND: /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6

Checking for suggested prerequisites...
     FOUND: perl-5.10.1
     FOUND: sysstat
     FOUND: sqlite
Prerequisite check complete.
Checking current number of databases...

Do you want to verify message store database integrity? [Y] y
Verifying integrity of message store databases.  This may take a while.
Starting mysqld...done.
mysqld is alive
No errors found
mysqld is alive
Stopping mysqld... done.

Checking for installable packages

Found zimbra-core
Found zimbra-ldap
Found zimbra-logger
Found zimbra-mta
Found zimbra-snmp
Found zimbra-store
Found zimbra-apache
Found zimbra-spell
Found zimbra-memcached
Found zimbra-proxy


The Zimbra Collaboration Server appears already to be installed.
It can be upgraded with no effect on existing accounts,
or the current installation can be completely removed prior
to installation for a clean install.

Do you wish to upgrade? [Y] y

Select the packages to install
    Upgrading zimbra-core
    Upgrading zimbra-ldap
    Upgrading zimbra-logger
    Upgrading zimbra-mta
    Upgrading zimbra-snmp
    Upgrading zimbra-store
    Upgrading zimbra-apache
    Upgrading zimbra-spell
    Upgrading zimbra-memcached
    Upgrading zimbra-proxy
Checking required space for zimbra-core
Checking space for zimbra-store

Installing:
    zimbra-core
    zimbra-ldap
    zimbra-logger
    zimbra-mta
    zimbra-snmp
    zimbra-store
    zimbra-apache
    zimbra-spell
    zimbra-memcached
    zimbra-proxy

You appear to be installing packages on a platform different
than the platform for which they were built.

This platform is CentOS6_64
Packages found: RHEL6_64
This may or may not work.

Using packages for a platform in which they were not designed for
may result in an installation that is NOT usable. Your support
options may be limited if you choose to continue.


Install anyway? [N] y

The system will be modified.  Continue? [N] y

Shutting down zimbra mail

Backing up the ldap database...done.

Removing existing packages

   zimbra-ldap...done
   zimbra-logger...done
   zimbra-mta...done
   zimbra-snmp...done
   zimbra-store...done
   zimbra-spell...done
   zimbra-memcached...done
   zimbra-proxy...done
   zimbra-apache...done
   zimbra-core...done

Removing deployed webapp directories
Installing packages

    zimbra-core......zimbra-core-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-ldap......zimbra-ldap-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-logger......zimbra-logger-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-mta......zimbra-mta-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-snmp......zimbra-snmp-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-store......zimbra-store-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-apache......zimbra-apache-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-spell......zimbra-spell-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-memcached......zimbra-memcached-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done
    zimbra-proxy......zimbra-proxy-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64-20121210115059.x86_64.rpm...done

Setting defaults from saved config in /opt/zimbra/.saveconfig/config.save
   HOSTNAME=host1.zimbra.local
   LDAPHOST=host1.zimbra.local
   LDAPPORT=389
   SNMPTRAPHOST=host1.zimbra.local
   SMTPSOURCE=admin@zimbra.local
   SMTPDEST=admin@zimbra.local
   SNMPNOTIFY=yes
   SMTPNOTIFY=yes
   LDAPROOTPW=A3e1onaU
   LDAPZIMBRAPW=A3e1onaU
   LDAPPOSTPW=A3e1onaU
   LDAPREPPW=A3e1onaU
   LDAPAMAVISPW=A3e1onaU
   LDAPNGINXPW=A3e1onaU
Restoring existing configuration file from /opt/zimbra/.saveconfig/localconfig.xml...done
Operations logged to /tmp/zmsetup.12252012-011606.log
Upgrading from 8.0.1_GA_5438 to 8.0.2_GA_5569
Stopping zimbra services...done.
Starting mysql...done.
This appears to be 8.0.1_GA
Checking ldap status...not running.
Running zmldapapplyldif...done.
Checking ldap status...not running.
Starting ldap...done.
Schema upgrade required from version 91 to 92.
Running /opt/zimbra/libexec/scripts/migrate20121009-VolumeBlobs.pl
Tue Dec 25 01:16:50 2012: Verified schema version 91.
Tue Dec 25 01:16:52 2012: Verified schema version 91.
Tue Dec 25 01:16:52 2012: Updating DB schema version from 91 to 92.
Stopping mysql...done.
Updating from 8.0.2_GA
Updating global config and COS's with attributes introduced after 8.0.1_GA...done.
Stopping ldap...done.
Upgrade complete.

Running zmldapapplyldif...done.
Checking ldap status....not running.
Starting ldap...done.
Setting defaults...done.
Setting defaults from existing config...done.
Checking for port conflicts
Setting defaults from ldap...done.
Saving config in /opt/zimbra/config.8837...done.
Operations logged to /tmp/zmsetup.12252012-011606.log
Setting local config values...done.
Initializing core config...Setting up CA...done.
Deploying CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca ...done.
Setting replication password...done.
Setting Postfix password...done.
Setting amavis password...done.
Setting nginx password...done.
Creating server entry for host1.zimbra.local...already exists.
Setting Zimbra IP Mode...done.
Saving CA in ldap ...done.
Saving SSL Certificate in ldap ...done.
Setting spell check URL...done.
Setting service ports on host1.zimbra.local...done.
Adding host1.zimbra.local to zimbraMailHostPool in default COS...done.
Setting Keyboard Shortcut Preferences...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureTasksEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureBriefcasesEnabled=FALSE...done.
Setting MTA auth host...done.
Setting TimeZone Preference...done.
Initializing mta config...done.
Setting services on host1.zimbra.local...done.
Creating user spam.o9zobzifr@zimbra.local...already exists.
Creating user ham.dkytx2z3@zimbra.local...already exists.
Creating user virus-quarantine.xbqagircz@zimbra.local...already exists.
Setting spam training and Anti-virus quarantine accounts...done.
Configuring SNMP...done.
Setting up syslog.conf...done.
Starting servers...done.
Checking for deprecated zimlets...done.
Checking for network zimlets in LDAP...done.
Removing network zimlets...
Finished removing network zimlets.
Installing common zimlets...
        com_zimbra_date...done.
        com_zimbra_email...done.
        com_zimbra_tooltip...done.
        com_zimbra_cert_manager...done.
        com_zimbra_url...done.
        com_zimbra_attachmail...done.
        com_zimbra_phone...done.
        com_zimbra_proxy_config...done.
        com_zimbra_clientuploader...done.
        com_zimbra_ymemoticons...done.
        com_zimbra_srchhighlighter...done.
        com_zimbra_webex...done.
        com_zimbra_attachcontacts...done.
        com_zimbra_bulkprovision...done.
        com_zimbra_viewmail...done.
        com_zimbra_adminversioncheck...done.
Finished installing common zimlets.
Getting list of all zimlets...done.
Updating non-standard zimlets...
Finished updating non-standard zimlets.
Restarting mailboxd...done.
Skipping creation of default domain GAL sync account - existing install detected.

You have the option of notifying Zimbra of your installation.
This helps us to track the uptake of the Zimbra Collaboration Server.
The only information that will be transmitted is:
        The VERSION of zcs installed (8.0.2_GA_5569_CentOS6_64)
        The ADMIN EMAIL ADDRESS created (admin@zimbra.local)

Notify Zimbra of your installation? [Yes] no
Notification skipped
Setting up zimbra crontab...done.


Moving /tmp/zmsetup.12252012-011606.log to /opt/zimbra/log


Configuration complete - press return to exit

6. Make sure zimbra services are running :

[root@host1 zcs-8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64.20121210115059]# su - zimbra
[zimbra@host1 ~]$ zmcontrol status
Host host1.zimbra.local
        antispam                Running
        antivirus               Running
        ldap                    Running
        logger                  Running
        mailbox                 Running
        memcached               Running
        mta                     Running
        proxy                   Running
        snmp                    Running
        spell                   Running
        stats                   Running
        zmconfigd               Running

7. Check the updated version of the ZCS :

[zimbra@host1 ~]$ zmcontrol -v
Release 8.0.2_GA_5569.RHEL6_64_20121210115059 CentOS6_64 FOSS edition.