How to Install Linux FTP Server using Vsftpd

Vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon) is a lightweight, stable, and secure FTP server software that runs on Linux-based operating systems. It is an open-source FTP server that is easy to install and configure. In this guide, we will go through the steps to install Vsftpd on Linux.

Step 1: Install Vsftpd

The first step is to install Vsftpd on your Linux machine. You can do this by using the following command:

sudo apt-get install vsftpd

This will install Vsftpd on your Linux machine.

Step 2: Configure Vsftpd

After installing Vsftpd, you need to configure it to allow users to access the FTP server. The configuration file for Vsftpd is located at “/etc/vsftpd.conf”. You can use any text editor to edit this file. For example, to use the Nano text editor, you can use the following command:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

In the configuration file, you need to make the following changes:

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Uncomment the line that starts with “local_enable=YES” to allow local users to log in to the FTP server.

Uncomment the line that starts with “write_enable=YES” to allow local users to upload files to the FTP server.

Uncomment the line that starts with “chroot_local_user=YES” to restrict local users to their home directories.

Save and exit the configuration file.

Step 3: Restart Vsftpd

After making the changes to the configuration file, you need to restart Vsftpd to apply the changes. You can do this by using the following command:

sudo service vsftpd restart

Step 4: Create FTP Users

To allow users to access the FTP server, you need to create FTP user accounts. You can create a new FTP user by using the following command:

sudo useradd -m ftpuser

This will create a new FTP user account named “ftpuser”. You can replace “ftpuser” with any username of your choice.

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Step 5: Set FTP User Password

After creating the FTP user account, you need to set a password for the user. You can do this by using the following command:

sudo passwd ftpuser

This will prompt you to enter a new password for the FTP user.

Step 6: Connect to the FTP Server

After configuring Vsftpd and creating FTP user accounts, you can connect to the FTP server using an FTP client such as FileZilla. In the FTP client, enter the FTP server address, username, and password to connect to the FTP server.

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Commands Mentioned:

  • sudo – a command that allows users to run programs with the security privileges of another user, typically the superuser.
  • apt-get – a command-line tool used for package management on Debian-based systems.
  • vsftpd – an open-source FTP server software that runs on Linux-based operating systems.
  • useradd – a command used to create a new user account.
  • passwd – a command used to set a password for a user account.

Conclusion:

In this guide, we have gone through the steps to install and configure Vsftpd on Linux. By following these steps, you can easily set up an FTP server on your Linux machine and allow users to access it. Vsftpd is a secure and reliable FTP server software that is easy to install and configure. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below.

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