How to Setup Local Yum Repository from CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image on RHEL 6

In this article, I will share about how to update and install RPM packages from the image CD-ROM/DVD-ROM in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 (RHEL 6). This step can also be used on CentOS 6 or older versions such as CentOS 5. It would be very useful if the server you have a slow internet connection, or no internet connection. Instead of using internet connection directly to RHEL repositories registered, it is possible to use the Local CD/DVD- ROM as your yum repository. There are two methods to install and configure local yum repository RHEL 6. Both methods have been tested and works well on Linux RHEL 6 server. You can choose whichever method you choose :

Method 1:
1. Insert DVD/ISO into DVD-Drive.
2. Mount the ISO from the DVD-ROM into /mnt directory :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
    mount: block device /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
    

3. Check the existing partition on your RHEL 6 server :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# df
    Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
    /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
                           9845280   1328824   8016336  15% /
    tmpfs                   515660         0    515660   0% /dev/shm
    /dev/sda1               495844     28689    441555   7% /boot
    /dev/sr0               2862360   2862360         0 100% /mnt
    

4. Go to /mnt and check current directory :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# cd /mnt
    [root@rhel6 mnt]# pwd
    /mnt
    

5. List out what is in DVD.

    [root@rhel6 mnt]# ls
    EULA                      RELEASE-NOTES-es-ES.html  RELEASE-NOTES-ru-RU.html
    GPL                       RELEASE-NOTES-fr-FR.html  RELEASE-NOTES-si-LK.html
    HighAvailability          RELEASE-NOTES-gu-IN.html  RELEASE-NOTES-ta-IN.html
    images                    RELEASE-NOTES-hi-IN.html  RELEASE-NOTES-te-IN.html
    isolinux                  RELEASE-NOTES-it-IT.html  RELEASE-NOTES-zh-CN.html
    LoadBalancer              RELEASE-NOTES-ja-JP.html  RELEASE-NOTES-zh-TW.html
    media.repo                RELEASE-NOTES-kn-IN.html  repodata
    Packages                  RELEASE-NOTES-ko-KR.html  ResilientStorage
    README                    RELEASE-NOTES-ml-IN.html  RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-beta
    RELEASE-NOTES-as-IN.html  RELEASE-NOTES-mr-IN.html  RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
    RELEASE-NOTES-bn-IN.html  RELEASE-NOTES-or-IN.html  Server
    RELEASE-NOTES-de-DE.html  RELEASE-NOTES-pa-IN.html  TRANS.TBL
    RELEASE-NOTES-en-US.html  RELEASE-NOTES-pt-BR.html
    

6. Read what is in media.repo. Take note on the mediaid :

    [root@rhel6 mnt]# cat media.repo
    
    [InstallMedia]
    name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0
    mediaid=1235481171.125642
    metadata_expire=-1
    gpgcheck=0
    cost=500
    

7. Create dvdrhel.repo text file in /etc/yum.repos.d/ with the following content. Please create something as follow:

    [root@rhel6 ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/dvdrhel.repo
    
    [DVD-RHEL6-Repository]
    mediaid=1235481171.125642
    name=DVD-RHEL6 repository
    baseurl=file:///mnt/Server
    enabled=1
    gpgcheck=0
    

8. Finish. You can start install, remove and update using yum command :

See also  How to Backup and Restore MySQL Database on CentOS/RHEL

Method 2 :
1. Check the existing partition on your RHEL 6 server :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# df
    Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
    /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
                           9845280   1221632   8123528  14% /
    tmpfs                   515660         0    515660   0% /dev/shm
    /dev/sda1               495844     28689    441555   7% /boot
    

2. Create repo directory in /media :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# mkdir /media/repo
    

3. Create 1 2 3 directory in /media/repo :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# mkdir -p /media/repo/{1,2,3}
    

4. Mount the ISO from the DVDROM into /media/repo/1 directory :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# mount -o loop /dev/cdrom /media/repo/1
    
    [root@rhel6 ~]# df
    Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
    /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
                           9845280   1221644   8123516  14% /
    tmpfs                   515660         0    515660   0% /dev/shm
    /dev/sda1               495844     28689    441555   7% /boot
    /dev/loop0             2862360   2862360         0 100% /media/repo/1
    

5. Create temporary repo folder under /tmp to put required rpm’s packages for createrepo installation :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# mkdir /tmp/repo 
    

6. Copy the require packages to install create repo :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# cp /media/repo/1/Packages/createrepo* /tmp/repo
    [root@rhel6 ~]# cp /media/repo/1/Packages/deltarpm* /tmp/repo
    [root@rhel6 ~]# cp /media/repo/1/Packages/python-deltarpm* /tmp/repo
    

7. Install the rpm packages using below command :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# rpm -ivh /tmp/repo/*
    warning: /tmp/repo/createrepo-0.9.8-4.el6.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
    Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
       1:deltarpm               ########################################### [ 33%]
       2:python-deltarpm        ########################################### [ 67%]
       3:createrepo             ########################################### [100%]
    

8. Go to /media/repo directory :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# cd /media/repo/
    [root@rhel6 repo]# pwd
    /media/repo
    

9. Run createrepo command :

    [root@rhel6 repo]# createrepo .
     2358/13395 - 1/HighAvailability/Packages/system-config-keyboard-1.3.1-3.el6.i68
    iso-8859-1 encoding on Ville Skyttä  - 2.8.2-2
    
     5037/13395 - 1/LoadBalancer/Packages/system-config-keyboard-1.3.1-3.el6.i686.rp
    iso-8859-1 encoding on Ville Skyttä  - 2.8.2-2
    
     7716/13395 - 1/Packages/system-config-keyboard-1.3.1-3.el6.i686.rpm
    iso-8859-1 encoding on Ville Skyttä  - 2.8.2-2
    
    10395/13395 - 1/ResilientStorage/Packages/system-config-keyboard-1.3.1-3.el6.i68
    iso-8859-1 encoding on Ville Skyttä  - 2.8.2-2
    
    13074/13395 - 1/Server/Packages/system-config-keyboard-1.3.1-3.el6.i686.rpm
    iso-8859-1 encoding on Ville Skyttä  - 2.8.2-2
    
    13395/13395 - 1/Server/Packages/zsh-4.3.10-4.1.el6.i686.rpm
    Saving Primary metadata
    Saving file lists metadata
    Saving other metadata
    

10. Clean up the repo :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# yum clean all
    Loaded plugins: rhnplugin
    Cleaning up Everything
    

11. Create a repo config file in /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel.repo
    
    [RHEL6-Repository]
    name=RHEL6 repository
    baseurl=file:///media/repo
    enabled=1
    gpgcheck=0
    

12. Start install using yum command as below :

    [root@rhel6 ~]# yum install httpd
    Loaded plugins: rhnplugin
    This system is not registered with RHN.
    RHN support will be disabled.
    RHEL6-Repository                                                             | 1.3 kB     00:00 ...
    RHEL6-Repository/primary                                                     | 5.4 MB     00:00 ...
    RHEL6-Repository                                                                        13395/13395
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package httpd.i686 0:2.2.15-5.el6 set to be updated
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ====================================================================================================
     Package            Arch              Version                   Repository                     Size
    ====================================================================================================
    Installing:
     httpd              i686              2.2.15-5.el6              RHEL6-Repository              813 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ====================================================================================================
    Install       1 Package(s)
    Upgrade       0 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 813 k
    Installed size: 2.8 M
    Is this ok [y/N]: y
    Downloading Packages:
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing     : httpd-2.2.15-5.el6.i686                                                      1/1
    
    Installed:
      httpd.i686 0:2.2.15-5.el6
    
    Complete!
    

How to Reset the Directory Manager Password on RHEL 7 / CentOS 7
How to Reset the Directory Manager Password on RHEL 7 / CentOS 7

It is best practice to remember passwords, but because too many passwords, sometimes we forget. We are not encouraged to write the password on any paper or share the password...

How to Find Big Files Size on Linux RHEL/CentOS
How to Find Big Files Size on Linux RHEL/CentOS

As the linux administrator, sometimes we have to identify which files are most take much space in the linux server resulting in low free space. Low disk space can also...

Why Linux users should worry about malware and what they can do about it
Why Linux users should worry about malware and what they can do about it

Don’t drop your guard just because you’re running Linux. Preventing the spread of malware and/or dealing with the consequences of infection are a fact of life when using computers. If...

How to Reset Forgotten Root Password on Linux RHEL 7/CentOS 7
How to Reset Forgotten Root Password on Linux RHEL 7/CentOS 7

This article will explain the steps to reset a lost root password or to reset forgotten root password on Linux RHEL 7 or CentOS 7. Basically, the steps will adding...

How to Update CentOS or Upgrade CentOS to the Latest Version
How to Update CentOS or Upgrade CentOS to the Latest Version

Recently, the latest version of CentOS 7.3 was released. All users of CentOS 7.0, 7.1 and 7.2 can upgrade their system to the most recent. This quick guide will explain...

How to Change your WordPress Username, Nickname and Display Name in MySQL
How to Change your WordPress Username, Nickname and Display Name in MySQL

After you create an account log in WordPress, you may want to change your WordPress username, as appropriate or due to security reason. However, you can not do this from...

How to Enable SSH Root Login on Ubuntu 16.04
How to Enable SSH Root Login on Ubuntu 16.04

As what we wrote in the previous article on how to allow SSH root on Ubuntu 14.04, after installing a fresh new copy of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, we find that...

How to Change UUID of Linux Partition on CentOS 7
How to Change UUID of Linux Partition on CentOS 7

UUID (Universally Unique IDentifier) should be unique and it is used to identify storage devices on a linux system. If you cloned a virtual machine from vCenter, the metadata containing...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *