How to Add Persistent Static Routes in Windows

Today I will show you how to add persistent static route in windows environment. Just like linux and unix environment, route command can be used to add static routes in Windows pc or windows server. There is a different between static route and persistent static route. Static route configuration will be erased after you reboot the machine. But in persistent static route, you will add –p in the route command which will keep the configuration in the registry even after machine rebooted.

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\PersistentRoutes
    

Example of static route command:

    route add 192.168.2.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.2.1 metric 1
    

To view the static route you can use this command

    D:\>route print
    ===========================================================================
    Interface List
    0x1 ........................... MS TCP Loopback interface
    0x2 ...01 56 57 d1 00 08 ...... VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet8
    0x3 ...01 56 57 d1 00 01 ...... VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet1
    0x4 ...10 22 49 h0 b7 a7 ...... Broadcom NetLink (TM) Fast Ethernet - Packet Sch
    eduler Miniport
    0x5 ...01 32 5e 3b gb 77 ...... Dell Wireless 1395 WLAN Mini-Card - Packet Sched
    uler Miniport
    0x10007 ...00 1h e1 de 27 gh ...... Bluetooth LAN Access Server Driver - Packet
    Scheduler Miniport
    ===========================================================================
    ===========================================================================
    Active Routes:
    Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
              0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0      192.168.2.1     192.168.2.2       25
            127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       1
          192.168.2.0    255.255.255.0      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
          192.168.2.2  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       25
        192.168.2.255  255.255.255.255      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
         192.168.26.0    255.255.255.0     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
         192.168.26.1  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       20
       192.168.26.255  255.255.255.255     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
        192.168.201.0    255.255.255.0    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
        192.168.201.1  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       20
      192.168.201.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1           10007       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1               4       1
    Default Gateway:       192.168.2.1
    ===========================================================================
    Persistent Routes:
      None
    

Example of Persistent static route command:

    route -p add 192.168.2.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.2.1 metric 1
    

To view the static route you can use this command

    D:\>route print
    ===========================================================================
    Interface List
    0x1 ........................... MS TCP Loopback interface
    0x2 ...01 56 57 d1 00 08 ...... VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet8
    0x3 ...01 56 57 d1 00 01 ...... VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet1
    0x4 ...10 22 49 h0 b7 a7 ...... Broadcom NetLink (TM) Fast Ethernet - Packet Sch
    eduler Miniport
    0x5 ...01 32 5e 3b gb 77 ...... Dell Wireless 1395 WLAN Mini-Card - Packet Sched
    uler Miniport
    0x10007 ...00 1h e1 de 27 gh ...... Bluetooth LAN Access Server Driver - Packet
    Scheduler Miniport
    ===========================================================================
    ===========================================================================
    Active Routes:
    Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
              0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0      192.168.2.1     192.168.2.2       25
            127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       1
          192.168.2.0    255.255.255.0      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
          192.168.2.0    255.255.255.0      192.168.2.1     192.168.2.2       1
          192.168.2.2  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       25
        192.168.2.255  255.255.255.255      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
         192.168.26.0    255.255.255.0     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
         192.168.26.1  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       20
       192.168.26.255  255.255.255.255     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
        192.168.201.0    255.255.255.0    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
        192.168.201.1  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       20
      192.168.201.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       25
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       20
            224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       20
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255      192.168.2.2     192.168.2.2       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255     192.168.26.1    192.168.26.1       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1   192.168.201.1       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1           10007       1
      255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255    192.168.201.1               4       1
    Default Gateway:       192.168.2.1
    ===========================================================================
    Persistent Routes:
      Network Address          Netmask  Gateway Address  Metric
          192.168.2.0    255.255.255.0      192.168.2.1       1
    

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