Properly shutting down your Linux system is important to avoid potential data loss, filesystem corruption, and to ensure a clean startup the next time you use the system.
In this short guide, we will discuss different methods to properly shutdown a Linux system using the command line.
The command line offers several commands to safely shutdown your Linux system. Here are some common options:
Option 1: Use the shutdown Command
To schedule a system shutdown, you can use the shutdown command followed by a time parameter. To shutdown the system immediately, run:
sudo shutdown now
If you want to shutdown the system after a specific time period (e.g., 10 minutes), use the following command:
sudo shutdown +10
Option 2: Use the poweroff Command
An alternative command to shutdown the system immediately is poweroff. Execute the following command:
Option 3: Use the halt Command
Another command to shutdown the system is halt. By default, the halt command only stops the system but does not power it off. To power off the system with the halt command, run:
sudo halt -p
- sudo shutdown now – Shuts down the system immediately.
- sudo shutdown +10 – Schedules a system shutdown after 10 minutes.
- sudo poweroff – Shuts down and powers off the system immediately.
- sudo halt -p – Shuts down and powers off the system using the halt command.
By following these steps to properly shutdown a Linux system, you can ensure a clean shutdown process, preventing potential data loss and filesystem corruption. It’s crucial to always properly shutdown your system to maintain its stability and integrity.
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