In server optimization, Squid plays two primary roles:
- acts as a caching proxy server, standing between the user and the web, thereby enhancing the efficiency and speed of web requests;
- serves as a content accelerator or reverse proxy, intercepting requests to a server and using a cached version of the page to serve the request.
This tutorial will guide you through the process of setting up a Squid 3 Proxy Server on CentOS 6.3.
For a deeper understanding of web servers, you can explore our comprehensive guides on the best web servers. If you’re interested in other server types like Apache, Nginx, or LiteSpeed, we’ve got you covered.
Step 1: Install Squid
The first step in setting up a Squid Proxy Server on CentOS 6.3 is to install Squid. This can be done using the ‘yum install’ command as shown below:
[root@centos63 ~]# yum install squid -y
This command will install Squid on your CentOS 6.3 system.
[root@centos63 ~]# yum install squid -y Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, presto, priorities Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: centos.ipserverone.com * extras: centos.ipserverone.com * updates: centos.ipserverone.com CentOS6.3-Repository | 4.0 kB 00:00 ... Setting up Install Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package squid.i686 7:3.1.10-9.el6_3 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ==================================================================================================== Package Arch Version Repository Size ==================================================================================================== Installing: squid i686 7:3.1.10-9.el6_3 updates 1.7 M Transaction Summary ==================================================================================================== Install 1 Package(s) Total download size: 1.7 M Installed size: 5.7 M Downloading Packages: Setting up and reading Presto delta metadata Processing delta metadata Package(s) data still to download: 1.7 M squid-3.1.10-9.el6_3.i686.rpm | 1.7 MB 00:14 Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing : 7:squid-3.1.10-9.el6_3.i686 1/1 Verifying : 7:squid-3.1.10-9.el6_3.i686 1/1 Installed: squid.i686 7:3.1.10-9.el6_3 Complete!
Step 2: Configure Squid Configuration File
Next, you need to configure the main Squid configuration file. You can use the ‘vi’ command to edit the file:
[root@centos63 ~]# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
Step 3: Add Internal Network Name
In this step, you will add your internal network name into the IP networks list where browsing should be allowed. For instance, if your internal network name is ‘ehowstuff’, you would add it as shown below:
acl localnet src 10.0.0.0/8 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 172.16.0.0/12 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 192.168.0.0/16 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src fc00::/7 # RFC 4193 local private network range acl localnet src fe80::/10 # RFC 4291 link-local (directly plugged) machines acl ehowstuff src 192.168.1.0/24 # Your internal network
Step 4: Allow Browsing for Your Network
Next, you need to add your network (in this case, ‘ehowstuff’) to the ACL section list of IP networks where browsing should be allowed:
http_access allow localnet http_access allow localhost http_access allow ehowstuff
Step 5: Set Squid Proxy Port
Ensure that the Squid proxy port is uncommented. You can change the proxy port to any available port. By default, Squid listens to port 3128:
Step 6: Start Squid Service
Now that Squid is configured, you can start the Squid service using the following command:
[root@centos63 ~]#service squid start
You should see a response indicating that the Squid service has started successfully.
Step 7: Configure Proxy Setting at Client’s Browser
The final step is to configure the proxy setting at the client’s browser. This process will vary depending on the browser you are using, but you will need to enter the IP address of your Squid server and the port number (3128 by default) into your browser’s proxy settings.
- yum install squid -y – This command installs Squid on your CentOS 6.3 system.
- vi /etc/squid/squid.conf – This command opens the main Squid configuration file for editing.
- service squid start – This command starts the Squid service.
Setting up a Squid Proxy on CentOS 6.3 is a straightforward process that involves installing Squid, configuring the main Squid configuration file, adding your internal network name, allowing browsing for your network, setting the Squid proxy port, starting the Squid service, and configuring the proxy setting at the client’s browser.
By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can successfully set up a Squid Proxy Server and enhance the efficiency and speed of your web requests. Remember, if you need more information on web servers, you can always refer to our guides on the best web servers, Apache, Nginx, and LiteSpeed.
Remember, the key to a successful web server setup lies in understanding the process and following the steps carefully.
What is a Squid Proxy Server?
A Squid Proxy Server is a tool that primarily acts as a caching proxy server, standing between the user and the web, thereby enhancing the efficiency and speed of web requests. Additionally, it serves as a content accelerator or reverse proxy, intercepting requests to a server and using a cached version of the page to serve the request.
What is the purpose of the ‘yum install squid -y’ command?
The ‘yum install squid -y’ command is used to install Squid on your CentOS 6.3 system.
What does the ‘service squid start’ command do?
The ‘service squid start’ command is used to start the Squid service on your system.
What is the default port for Squid?
The default port for Squid is 3128.
How do I configure the proxy setting on my client’s browser?
The process will vary depending on the browser you are using, but you will need to enter the IP address of your Squid server and the port number (3128 by default) into your browser’s proxy settings.