How to Install and Configure Samba Server on CentOS 6.2

The Samba server is a popular open-source implementation of the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol, which allows seamless file and print sharing between Windows and Linux/UNIX systems. Installing and configuring Samba on CentOS 6.2 enables you to create a file server that can be accessed by Windows clients on your network.

In this how-to, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of installing and configuring Samba server on CentOS 6.2. By the end of this guide, you will have a functional Samba server that allows Windows clients to access shared files and folders.

Step 1: Install Samba

Log in to your CentOS 6.2 server as the root user or a user with sudo privileges.
Open a terminal window.
Update the package manager by running the following command:

sudo yum update

Install the Samba package by running the following command:

sudo yum install samba

Example:

[root@centos62 ~]# yum install samba
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.maulvi.net
 * extras: centos.maulvi.net
 * updates: centos.maulvi.net
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package samba.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: samba-winbind-clients = 3.5.10-114.el6 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: samba-common = 3.5.10-114.el6 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libtdb.so.1 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libcups.so.2 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libwbclient.so.0 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libtalloc.so.2 for package: samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cups-libs.i686 1:1.4.2-44.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libavahi-client.so.3 for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libtiff.so.3 for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libjpeg.so.62 for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libavahi-common.so.3 for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libpng12.so.0(PNG12_0) for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libpng12.so.0 for package: 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686
---> Package libtalloc.i686 0:2.0.1-1.1.el6 will be installed
---> Package libtdb.i686 0:1.2.1-3.el6 will be installed
---> Package samba-common.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/pkg-config for package: samba-common-3.5.10-114.el6.i686
---> Package samba-winbind-clients.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package avahi-libs.i686 0:0.6.25-11.el6 will be installed
---> Package libjpeg.i686 0:6b-46.el6 will be installed
---> Package libpng.i686 2:1.2.46-1.el6_1 will be installed
---> Package libtiff.i686 0:3.9.4-1.el6_0.3 will be installed
---> Package pkgconfig.i686 1:0.23-9.1.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

====================================================================================================
 Package                      Arch        Version                 Repository                   Size
====================================================================================================
Installing:
 samba                        i686        3.5.10-114.el6          CentOS6.2-Repository        5.0 M
Installing for dependencies:
 avahi-libs                   i686        0.6.25-11.el6           CentOS6.2-Repository         54 k
 cups-libs                    i686        1:1.4.2-44.el6          CentOS6.2-Repository        324 k
 libjpeg                      i686        6b-46.el6               CentOS6.2-Repository        133 k
 libpng                       i686        2:1.2.46-1.el6_1        CentOS6.2-Repository        184 k
 libtalloc                    i686        2.0.1-1.1.el6           CentOS6.2-Repository         18 k
 libtdb                       i686        1.2.1-3.el6             CentOS6.2-Repository         29 k
 libtiff                      i686        3.9.4-1.el6_0.3         CentOS6.2-Repository        338 k
 pkgconfig                    i686        1:0.23-9.1.el6          CentOS6.2-Repository         67 k
 samba-common                 i686        3.5.10-114.el6          CentOS6.2-Repository         13 M
 samba-winbind-clients        i686        3.5.10-114.el6          CentOS6.2-Repository        1.1 M

Transaction Summary
====================================================================================================
Install      11 Package(s)

Total download size: 20 M
Installed size: 70 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                10 MB/s |  20 MB     00:02
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : libtalloc-2.0.1-1.1.el6.i686                                                    1/11
  Installing : libtdb-1.2.1-3.el6.i686                                                         2/11
  Installing : samba-winbind-clients-3.5.10-114.el6.i686                                       3/11
  Installing : libjpeg-6b-46.el6.i686                                                          4/11
  Installing : libtiff-3.9.4-1.el6_0.3.i686                                                    5/11
  Installing : 2:libpng-1.2.46-1.el6_1.i686                                                    6/11
  Installing : 1:pkgconfig-0.23-9.1.el6.i686                                                   7/11
  Installing : samba-common-3.5.10-114.el6.i686                                                8/11
  Installing : avahi-libs-0.6.25-11.el6.i686                                                   9/11
  Installing : 1:cups-libs-1.4.2-44.el6.i686                                                  10/11
  Installing : samba-3.5.10-114.el6.i686                                                      11/11

Installed:
  samba.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6

Dependency Installed:
  avahi-libs.i686 0:0.6.25-11.el6              cups-libs.i686 1:1.4.2-44.el6
  libjpeg.i686 0:6b-46.el6                     libpng.i686 2:1.2.46-1.el6_1
  libtalloc.i686 0:2.0.1-1.1.el6               libtdb.i686 0:1.2.1-3.el6
  libtiff.i686 0:3.9.4-1.el6_0.3               pkgconfig.i686 1:0.23-9.1.el6
  samba-common.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6           samba-winbind-clients.i686 0:3.5.10-114.el6

Complete!

Step 2: Configure Samba

Open the Samba configuration file using a text editor. For example, you can use the nano editor:

sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

In the [global] section of the file, add the following lines to set the workgroup and security settings:

   workgroup = WORKGROUP
   security = user

Replace “WORKGROUP” with the appropriate workgroup name used by your Windows clients.
3. Scroll down to the end of the file and add the following section to define a shared directory:

   [shared]
      comment = Shared Directory
      path = /path/to/shared/directory
      valid users = @users
      browseable = yes
      writable = yes
      create mask = 0664
      directory mask = 0775

Replace “/path/to/shared/directory” with the actual path to the directory you want to share. Modify the other options as per your requirements.
4. Save the changes and exit the text editor.

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Step 3: Set up Samba User Accounts

Create a Samba user by running the following command:

sudo smbpasswd -a username

Replace “username” with the desired username for Samba access.
2. Enter a password for the Samba user when prompted.

Repeat the above steps to create additional Samba users if needed.

Step 4: Start and Enable Samba

Start the Samba service by running the following command:

sudo service smb start

Enable the Samba service to start automatically at system boot:

sudo chkconfig smb on

Outcome

Congratulations! You have successfully installed and configured Samba server on CentOS 6.2. You now have a functional file server that can be accessed by Windows clients on your network. Users can connect to the shared directory using the Samba username and password you created.

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Feel free to comment and suggest any improvements to this guide.

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